Sewing Machine Needle Hits Bobbin Case

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Working on the sewing machine for designing and stitching garments can be the most fun thing if you are intrigued by the idea of it! You can do wonders with a sewing machine in your hand and can stitch some amazing things just as you desire. Using a machine is fun when it functions smoothly and without encountering any problems, but the regular and rigorous use of the sewing machine can result in several problems. Imagine working on a project and snap! The needle of the sewing machine hits the bobbin case and the thread is broken or the fabric is stretched. Dealing with such an ordeal can be extremely frustrating at times.

In this article, we will be going to discuss the various flaws and faults about sewing machine needle hits bobbin case. We will also be throwing light upon the reasons and the ways to deal with the issue of the sewing machine needle been hitting the bobbin case while you are working with it. You will get all your answers further in the article and by the end of the same, will be equipped with enough amount of knowledge to deal with the stated issue.

Reasons that Can Be Responsible For This Issue

Bobbin case placed wrong

If the bobbin case of the sewing machine is placed in the wrong manner, it tends to come in the way of the needle and might cause issues. There is a proper place given for the bobbin case to rest in the sewing machine, if the placing of the same is not correct, the sewing machine will not function properly.

If the needle will keep hitting the bobbin case, the tip of the same tends to break and the process of sewing will not be carried smoothly. So, if you face any such issues related to the needle hitting the case of the bobbin, make sure to check the positioning of the bobbin case whether it is placed correctly or not.

Damaged bobbin case

The bobbin case of the machine helps in holding the bobbin well to keep maintain the smooth functioning of the machine. While threading your machine, make sure that all the parts of the machine are in a good condition, including the bobbin case.

If the bobbin case has some scratches, glitches, or is damaged in any way, it will create problems in the usual working of the sewing machine. The needle of the sewing machine will hit the bobbin case if it is damaged and is unable to hold its position properly.

Wrong bobbin timing

A sewing machine works on timing. If the timing of either the needle or the bobbin is damaged or disturbed, it will give rise to several issues. While you are stitching something and the timing of the sewing machine goes bad, it will cause the needle to hit the bobbin. This is because the needle and bobbin have to be in a synced manner when working and as the timing of the same is disturbed, it will be a hassle to work on the machine properly.

These are a few reasons that can cause the hitting of the needle at the bobbin case. The major one being the wrong placement of the bobbin case. We will find ways of how to solve this issue by placing the bobbin case correctly on the sewing machine.

5 Ways To Fix The Sewing Machine Needle Hits Bobbin Case

Place the bobbin case correctly

As we have already mentioned, the placing of the bobbin case is a very crucial part and it needs to be done correctly if you want your sewing machine to function smoothly. If the placing of the bobbin case on the machine is wrong, the needle will hit on its surface and the tip of the same can be broken. To place the bobbin case correctly, you need to follow a few steps-

Step 1: At first, to begin with, the process, you need to turn the machine off. As soon as you face this issue, the first step will be to turn off the power of the machine if you are using an electric machine and for the people using a non-electric machine, you need to stop sewing right away. This is to prevent your machine from suffering from any further loss.

Step 2: Remove the needle case: After stopping your work, raise the needle first and then remove the case of the needles. Then, once turn the handwheel to see where the problem is and at what point does the needle hits the bobbin case. This will help you identify the problem.

Step 3: Take out the bobbin case: After you are done removing the needle case, it’s time to remove and inspect the bobbin case. Take it out and see if there are any scratches or anything on the same. If you find a few nicks on the case, make sure to replace it with a new one because using a damaged bobbin case can also cause issues.

Step 4: Place the bobbin case: After removing the bobbin case and checking for any scratches or nicks, all you need to do is take the bobbin case and place it at the position by twisting it correctly and locating it properly by the spool. This needs to be done with utmost perfection because the placement of the bobbin case matters a lot and if it goes wrong, the working of the sewing machine will be affected a lot.

Step 5: Try working with the machine: After replacing the bobbin case and securing it at its position correctly, again move the handwheel and see if it is working properly now. The needle should not touch the bobbin case after it is placed well in the sewing machine. If it is working smoothly, the problem is solved.

Sewing Machine Needle Hits Bobbin Case

Check the timing of the machine

Another thing apart from the correct placing of the bobbin case that needs your attention is the timing of the sewing machine. If the timing of the working of the needle and bobbin are different and there is no sync in them while the sewing machine is running, there will be several problems faced by you because of the same.

This is because the timing of the bobbin and the needle matter a lot when you want the proper functioning of the machine. If there is even a slight difference between them, the needle tends to hit the bobbin case and the tip of the same gets broken. You can adjust the timing of the bobbin and get rid of the issues caused due to it.

Change the bobbin

At times it is possible that the working of the bobbin is not correct because of the damages and the scratches on the same. If that is the case with the bobbin or the bobbin case, you need to change it to make sure that the machine is working smoothly. If the bobbin is damaged and has nicks and scratches on it, it will not at all be able to deliver a good performance at all and might also result in the needle hitting the case while you are using the sewing machine.

Check the position of the needle

While you are threading your sewing machine, it might be possible that the positioning of the needle done by you is wrong and that is the reason why you are experiencing the issue of the needle hitting the bobbin case while working. If the tension on the thread that is attached to the needle and the lower bobbin is very much or is very less, the positioning of the needle will not at all be correct and this will harm the usual working of the machine.

Check the screw of the needle clamp

If the screw of the needle clamp is loose, the needle will wobble a lot and will hit the bobbin case as well. If you are facing any such problem with your sewing machine while working on it, make sure that you check the screws of the clamps of the needle and if they are loose, you know where the problem is rooted from, right? You just need to tightly fix the screws of the needle clamp and you will be good to go!

These are the 5 effective ways that can help you in getting rid of the problem of the needle hitting the bobbin case while you are using your sewing machine.


The needle and the bobbin case are the two major parts of the sewing machine that are needed to work well if you want the performance of your machine to be extremely smooth and undisturbed. But, due to the regular and rigorous usage and a few other reasons as discussed in the article, there are a few issues or faults that can be seen in the machine. We have discussed the solutions to fix the issues of the sewing machine where the needle hits the bobbin case and stalls your sewing. 

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